Tuesday, 12 March 2013

Common fresh water fishes of Kerala


The water bodies in Kerala are home to a vast variety of fish species. In addition, paddy fields serve food requirement of this small state is also home to different fish species. Fresh water fishes are normally found in more than one habitat that is paddy fields, ponds, lakes, rivers, Backwaters of Kerala. The backwaters that is saline for most a part of the year turns the fresh during monsoon.

The Studies have revealed that there are 210 species of freshwater fishes in Kerala and more than 26 are endemic. Most of these are ornamental varieties used in aquariums with high potential in domestic and international markets. Most of freshwater fishes are well adapted to survive in differing climates and environments. And Many other fishes have got additional respiratory organs to enable breathing air while crawling through the land, that enable them to migrate from one to another habitant
There are a verity of Fishes Commonly seen in these Water bodies and are listed as:


Karimeen (Pearl Spot)



A very tasty fish found in both freshwaters and salty Regions of Kerala. Its Scientific name is Etroplus suratensis. It is mainly found in backwaters, ponds and paddy fields. Its Body is covered over with scales of black colour, hence the name Karimeen(meaning black fish in the local language) is got. Its body is oval in outline shape and is laterally compressed. There are eight transverse bands on its body and a few irregular black spots can be seen on the abdomen. It has a very small mouth. It is also popular as an aquarium fish.

Chempally(Climbing Perch)


Anabas is another tasty fish but with a hard skin. Its Scientific name is Anabas testudineus and other names of Climbing Perch are Karuveppu, Antikalli, Kallada. It is Also an aquarium fish. They can live without water for about 6 to 7 hrs. It has the habit of migrating from pond to another pond. This fish crawls through the land to reach the next destination during which time it breaths air through accessory respiratory organs on each side of its head. And while in water, breathing occurs through its gills. It is called an omnivorous fish.

Varaal (Banded Snakehead(Opheocephalus))


Its Scientific name is Channa striatus. This fish is remarkable for its parental caring. It is a carnivorous fish. Its body is long and cylindrical with a huge mouth and serpent like its head. They have got additional respiratory organs that is 2 air chambers that is to enable breathing air while crawling through land. This fish is often found in ponds, paddy fields and also in rivers.The migration of these fishes even sail through backwaters to reach the next destination. This fish is both edible and also a prefered aquarium species.

Tilopia (Tilapia)


Tilapia is an exotic fish and its Scientific name is Oerochromis mossabicus. it brought to Kerala from Africa. It is found in the water bodies like ponds, rivers and backwaters. It can multiply very fast in a very constrained water body like a pond. Its Body is laterally compressed like Etroplus(Karimeen), but comparatively more elongated.  It is an omnivorous fish.

Other common fishes are:

Kaari(Stinging Catfish)
Scientific Name: Heteropneustes fossilis



Muzhi(Walking Catfish)
Scientific Name: Clarias batrachus



Manjakkoori(Yellow Catfish)
Scientific Name: Horabagrus brachysoma


Vellakkoori(Longwhiskered Catfish)
Scientific Name: Mystus gulio

Attu walah or Valah (Boal)
Scientific Name: Wallago attu


Paral(Giant Danio)
Scientific Name: Danio malabaricus


Kuruva(Peninsular Olive Barb)
Scientific Name: Puntius sarana


Poochutti(Tiger Panchax)
Scientific Name: Aplocheilus lineatus



Pallathi(Orange chromide)
Scientific Name: Etroplus maculatus


Kanambu(Mullet)
Scientific Name: Mugil cephalus

Kallaral(Tire track eel)
Scientific Name: Mastacembelus armatus


Poolon(Tank goby)
Scientific Name: Glossogobius giuris



13 comments:

  1. what about chembali, manuthukanni,

    ReplyDelete
  2. kallaral is also called kadimeen/anjaala

    ReplyDelete
  3. picture shown as aatuvalaa is not aatuvaala
    aatuvaala is longer
    aatuvaala is called belt fish -check out this site:

    http://www.clovegarden.com/ingred/sf_beltz.html

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. attuvala is not belt fish.. its wallago.. belt fish is found in sea and we call it wala .. some places its called chunnambu wala..

      Delete
  4. There are so many wrong informations
    1) Second photograph is not Chempally. Chempally is a red colored beatiful big fish i have tried internet
    for its photo,but disappointed. photo shown is "Anabas testudineus", locally known as Kallurutty, Kalladamutti, Chovane kolli & Karoop
    2) Third one is Common Snake head, " Channa Stiata"
    .local name Varaal.
    3) 6th photo is not Mushi (Waking cat fish)although scien. name is right. i cant recognize which fish is shown.

    4) 9th shown is not Aatu Vaala "Vallago aattu".but that fish is locally called Malesian Vaala and it is a foriegn fish brought here for massive cultivation it will grow up to 30cm with in 3 months.

    ReplyDelete
  5. 3, the fish shown is sucker cat fish. i think

    ReplyDelete
  6. IS THERE ANY ONE TO SUPPLY THESE ITEMS TO BANGALORE. I CAN BUY IN GOOD QUANTITY P C BABU 09448515566, grventerprises@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  7. ANY VARIETIES OF FISHES I CAN MARKET IN BANGALORE. TIGER PRAWNS ALSO REQUIRED. PLEASE CONTACT ME P C BABU 09448515566, grventerprises@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. will you be interested in sea fish, prawns??? If yes please let me know at arunprasathreddy@gmail.com

      Delete